Categorized | Stress

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An Interesting Introduction to Psychology – Behavior Therapy

According to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, absolute thinking, “must-erbation,” and “I-can’t-stand-it-itus” influence the development of irrational beliefs, which lead to maladaptive behavior. A client’s active participation in administering treatment to him or herself, such as self-monitoring stimulus control, self-reinforcement, and self-punishment, is called Self-control Techniques. A client who practices self-monitoring might keep a journal of a target behavior each time it occurs to assist with behavioral change.

In order to increase or decrease a behavior, a therapist might recommend Stimulus control to modify an existing stimulus-response relationship, or create a new one. For example, a drug addict might be instructed to make new, non-addict friends. Narrowing is a type of stimulus control involves restricting the target behavior to a limited set of stimuli (e.g., a smoker is told to smoke only when they are with a certain friend). To increase a behavior, Cue Strengthening is a type of stimulus control, which involves linking a behavior to a specific cue or set of cues, might be recommended (e.g., a student with poor grades is told to study in the same location so that later, that location triggers study behavior). Competing Responses is a stimulus control technique involves either identifying or eliminating responses that block desirable behaviors, or encouraging responses that block undesirable behaviors (e.g., a client who is not finishing their work is asked to give responses that interfere with work, such as socializing; this would then be targeted for elimination). Stimulus control is most effective when deployed at the beginning of a response chain.

Stress Inoculation Training (Meichenbaum) involves a 3-step process. In the Cognitive preparation (education) stage the client is educated as to how their faulty cognitions prevent adaptive coping; the skills acquisition stage involves learning and rehearsing new skills and new ways of perceiving and thinking about stressful situations; the practice stage entails applying what the client has learned. Absorption, dissociation, and suggestibility is defined as a state of relaxed wakefulness with a relative suspension of peripheral awareness. Hypnosis: The 3 factors involved in hypnosis are a form of psychotherapy used to help clients retrieve feelings and memories that have not been accessible by other methods is called what. Hypnotherapy: People presenting to therapy with Phobias tend to be more hypnotizable than the general public. When treating clients with psychosis, paranoia, or obsessive-compulsive personality traits the use of hypnosis is contraindicated.

Biofeedback has been used to treat psychophysiological disorders (e.g., migraines, hypertension) and evidence has shown that it is the preferred treatment for fecal incontinence and Raynaud’s disease. Two of the most commonly used types of biofeedback are Electromyograph (EMG) and skin Temperature. A therapist who instructs a client to do, or wish for, the very things they fear (“prescribing the symptom”) is utilizing the CBT technique of Paradoxical Intention. Paradoxical intentionserves the function of circumventing Anticipatory anxiety, which is viewed as the main cause of the problem. Malady Paradoxical intention is most commonly used to treat Insomnia. Guided Imagery is a technique that utilizes visualization for the purpose of identifying automatic thoughts, increasing self-control, assisting with distraction, and visualizing desired life outcomes.

The 3 stages of crisis intervention are: formulation, which involves identifying the crisis and the client’s reactions to it; implementation, which involves assessing the client’s life prior to the crisis, setting specific short-term goals, and using techniques to achieve these goals; and termination, at which point progress is assessed and post-intervention options are discussed. The 3 primary goals of brief psychotherapy are Quick reduction of the client’s most severe symptoms, restoration of the client to prior emotional equilibrium, and development of understanding and skills to facilitate better future coping.

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