Archive | November, 2016

Severe Anxiety Disorder is Preventable With the Right Treatment

A severe anxiety disorder is a condition characterized by a group of illnesses: panic disorders, phobias, generalized anxiety symptoms, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorders. It is essentially a mental disease that manifests itself in both psychological and physical symptoms.

If an individual suffers from such anxiety disorders, then their condition often involves symptoms such as disturbance in sleep patterns, excessive or unrealistic worrying, flashbacks of past traumas and unpleasant experiences, unrealistic fears concerning situations or scenarios, rigid behaviors in response to anxieties, muscle aches, trembling, sweating, shakiness, dizziness, clammy/cold hands, jitters, fatigue, tension, nausea, dry mouth, racing heart, tingling/numbness in feet, hands or other parts of the body, and a high pulse or breathing rate.

Adding to this extensive list, those suffering from severe anxiety disorders are usually apprehensive and tense and almost expecting bad situations to occur to themselves and their loved ones or themselves. This often causes them to be irritable, impatient, and become distracted and immersed in their own negative thoughts. Suffice it to say, individuals with severe anxiety usually suffer from excessive or unrealistic stress and anxieties and are almost always in tension about life circumstances.

If you have a friend or relative suffering from severe anxiety disorder, you should help by asking or helping them to minimize the stress catalysts and causes they have in life to as much as possible, instead of telling them to abruptly stop their normal activities, even if that’s at the core of the problem, as this suddenness of change can cause stress and anxiety as well.

These disorders are usually debilitating chronic situations that can occur from an early stage of life or can start all of sudden after a triggering incident. Whatever the cause of the problem, it needs to be dealt with. At first, treatment for the condition may be comprised of being prescribed some anti-depressants by the doctor and these may help the patient to feel better. In case the condition worsens the sufferer has to explore alternative options such as psychiatry or natural styled treatments to achieve a permanent solution.

The words fear and anxiety are generally used interchangeably, but clinically they have different meanings where fear is a physiological and emotional response to identify an outer threat where as anxiety is an unpleasing state of emotions where the cause is not recognized as unavoidable. Anxiety disorders involve both anxiety and fear.

People suffering from anxiety disorders also have two types of phobia. One is a social phobia and the other is a specific phobia. In social phobia the sufferer has a severe anxiety of being judged by others or of their behavior that can lead to embarrassing situations. This can cause profuse sweating, heart palpitations and shortness of breath.

In case of specific phobia involves fear of flying, fear of animal, fear of height or fear of blood as some examples. The individual suffering from such severe anxiety disorder has improper and spontaneous fears and thus cannot live a normal life.

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Chair Yoga for Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease commonly effects a person’s movements, balance, and spatial reasoning, while causing muscle rigidity. The disease progresses, while making symptoms more pronounced over time. Medical professionals have not developed a cure, but there are ways to relieve the symptoms during the first decade of the disease. As the disease progresses, medications are often necessary to make daily life more bearable. Yoga has been proven as an effective adjunct therapy for Parkinson’s patients. It helps patients regain motor coordination, control, flexibility, strength, and balance.


Traditional Yoga poses, especially some of the standing poses, which require balance, will not be the best choice for Parkinson’s patients. Lack of balance can cause the patients to worry about falling over or injuring their selves. Putting a student at risk of injury is extremely unwise on the part of a Yoga instructor. In order to provide a relaxing experience for Parkinson’s patients, a Yoga teacher should adapt poses for sitting in a chair. Over time, patients might also be able to use a wall for support, or straps, blocks, or blankets to adapt the poses. Patients will still get the benefits each pose provides, but the modifications will ensure a safe, gentle practice.


Yoga provides an overall body stretch, which can affect the entire body as well as the mind. The stretches encourage new blood to flow throughout the entire body, reaching all of its important organs. This results in more energy and a feeling of health and wellness. Joints and muscles become more flexible, allowing movements to come more easily and smoothly. Stress levels often decrease, as the patients become more physically active. The meditative portion of Yoga can also benefit Parkinson’s patients by providing them a healthy outlet for stress and anxiety. Deep breathing methods teach patients to fill up the belly and lungs to release negative thoughts and emotions, clear the mind, and focus on health and wellness.

Revitalizing Poses

Mountain pose allows patients to focus on good posture and balance. In a chair, ask patients to sit with hips and shoulders aligned, and the spine and neck aligned. Gaze can focus softly forward, or the eyes may be closed. Feet can be planted firmly on the floor. Ask patients to breathe deeply while noticing how their weight is equally distributed throughout the body.

Trunk circles get the blood and energy flowing within the body, and loosen the hips and sides of the body. Sitting in a chair, patients can bend forward at the hips, and then sweep the torso up and to the right, forming a complete circle. Remind patients to keep the head, neck and spine aligned. Repeat circles in both directions.

© Copyright 2012 – Aura Wellness Center – Publications Division

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Shannon Brown Dunk Or His Workout Secret Revealed

Shannon Brown’s dunks are just as impressive as his vertical. The 24-year-old Los Angeles Lakers guard has one of the highest verticals in the NBA (44.5 inches)! And he is only 6 foot 2 inches tall (not 6’4”).

Of course Brown was disappointing in this year’s NBA Slam Dunk Contest (February 2010). He didn’t even advance beyond the first round. But most experts agree it wasn’t his last appearance in this contest. In fact, Brown has been dunking for a long time:

“It was going into my freshman year at Tim Hardaway basketball camp. I actually got a steal, was on the break by myself and I went up and I dunked it. It wasn’t a clean flush, but it was good enough to where I knew I could do it. I’d been trying it in gym class my eighth grade year before that summer camp, and it wasn’t working for me. Then I finally got my chance” (Shannon Brown).

Although Brown did some weight lifting in high school and College, he basically eliminated weight training from his workout routine since entering the NBA. In fact, Brown sticks mostly to push-ups and almost doesn’t train his legs! So, for some parts it must be in his genes: the fast twitch fibers are working at their best. But of course it’s only one side of the coin. The other side is practice that starts already as a kid. However, there is one thing that Brown constantly has been working on and still does: core strength. It’s his small secret…

When it comes to jumping core strength is extremely important. Without core strength you can’t create the body tension that is essential in the jumping process. Core muscles allow the transfer of powerful movements of the arms and legs. Exercises that improve core strength are:

– Push Ups

– Abdominal Bracing

– V-Sits

– Crunches

– Back Bridges

– Squats

– Oblique Twists

– Lunges

– Superman exercises

But as you are probably not as athletically gifted as Shannon Brown you also need to work on your calves, hamstrings, quads and glutes muscles.

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Acne And Your Blood Type Diet

Getting To Know More About Acne And The Blood Type Diet

Did you know that Dr. Peter D’Adamo’s revolutionary Blood Type Diet (also known as the genotype Diet) is being tried out by a large number of people suffering from acne? The idea behind this naturopathic cure for acne is based on a number of sensible reasons.

The first one is that the ancients knew all about diets, which would keep their body fit and healthy. That means that they knew all about proper diet regimes which would not only detoxify the body, but also keep the body physiological functions working perfectly.

What is The Blood Type Diet?

According to Dr. A’damo, -who has been following dietary and nutritional methods used by experienced dietitians down the ages-the adage of “we are what we eat” is as relevant today as it was millenniums ago.

Human beings have been modifying their diets according to circumstances, and availability of food down the ages. 20,000 years ago human beings started to farm, instead of being hunters. That is why these farmers began to eat a diet which was richer in cereals, fruit and vegetables, while their hunter ancestors had focused more on meat, fish and a high-protein diet.

These hunters were supposedly of “O” blood group whereas the farmers supposedly belonged to the A blood group. They flourished on a vegetarian diet.

There was another blood group evolving in Asia and Africa where people were farmers and their diet included a large amount of dairy products. This was blood group “B.” People belonging to this blood group tolerate dairy products more easily than people belonging to other blood groups.

How Does Your Diet And Your Blood Type Affect Your Health?

Now just imagine that a Type “O.” You belong to the high-protein meat eaters diet profile. Your body will only tolerate legumes, grains and beans in lesser quantities. So if you find yourself on a vegetarian diet, your body is going to react negatively. This reaction is caused by some proteins found in your food.

These proteins are called lectins. Your genetic makeup as an O blood type means that these lectins are going to keep you healthy only if you eat lots of meat. The moment you start eating a vegetarian diet and cut down on the meat the lectins are going to have a negative effect on your blood, on a particular organ in your body or on your general system.

However, you do not have to worry about these lectins being very dangerous; the body’s natural immunity system is capable of protecting your body against their potentially harmful agglutinating effect on your blood cells. 98% of these lectins are removed from your body during its natural elimination processes.

Nevertheless, your diet is going to affect your health. That in turn is going to have an adverse affect on your skin. That is why you might see your skin breaking out in acne.

How does Your Blood Type Affect An Acne Outbreak?

Each blood type has a number of foods which are helpful, beneficial and medicinal for it. These are the foods which are best suited to a person’s genetic inheritance and which are best tolerated by his body. On the other hand, there are a number of foods which are definitely going to harm one’s body, depending on his blood type.

Also, each blood type has a tolerance level for a number of foods which have a neutral effect on the blood type.

Now just imagine that you are a type A which has a vegetarian and seafood genetic inheritance. You thrive on grains, legumes, seafood, vegetables and fruit. Meat, wheat and dairy products are not beneficial for you. Now, suppose you find yourself eating a diet with plenty of meat in it.

This is going to have an adverse affect on your body’s bio- physiological processes. You may find yourself suffering a lot from acne. So you need to clear your system by switching to a fruit and vegetable diet as well as increase the amount of grains and legumes in your daily meals.

A type B is omnivorous and can eat meat without any chicken, beans, cereals, fruit and vegetables, which are healing and beneficial foods. However, if they begin to eat a diet rich in seeds, chicken, tomatoes, and shellfish, they are going to find themselves suffering from ill health. They are also going to find themselves suffering from potential acne outbreaks.

So if you are suffering from acne it is a good idea to find out your blood type. After that, start eating the foods which are best suited to your genetic makeup and inheritance. This is going to keep you healthy. This is also going to give you a glowing skin free of acne, blackheads, whiteheads and pimples.

Blood Type And Diet – Logical Acne Control Tips

A number of people are skeptic about Dr. D’Adamo’s ideas about blood type and your diet because it does not have any scientific proof behind it. However, let us go back to ancient naturopathic diets and common sense, and understand the basic factors which can improve your acne condition.

Plenty of fruit and vegetables are always good for everyone, regardless of blood type. Meat products are good to give you protein which is necessary to keep you in a state of high energy. The same proteins can also be obtained through lentils and beans.

Dr. D’Adamo’s dietary plan and theory of not eating so many wheat-based food items is also based on simple logic. Wheat and corn has gluten in it. Gluten sticks to the intestinal lining and thus prevents your digestive system from working perfectly. So what do you do under such circumstances? Avoid breads and noodles made of items with a high gluten composition.

Here are some suggestions which can come in useful to control your acne outbreak.

Do not interfere with your acne outbreak by touching the infected area. This is going to spread the infection to other parts of your body. Instead, wash it with a mild antiseptic soap. Try this idea of washing it with a glycerin soap and a little bit of ordinary sugar. This “dries” the skin and soaks up the oil.

Try a vegetarian diet with more fruit and vegetables instead of meat and fish. Meat takes longer to digest. That means that it is going to produce toxins in your stomach. These toxins are going to have a harmful effect on your skin. So you may find yourself suffering from a possible pimple outbreak. Prevention is always better than cure. So the cure is in your hands!

Hopefully, this information is useful in helping you control, prevent and cure your acne problem.

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The Liquid Diet: How Alcohol Can Destroy a Diet

We have discussed in the past the importance of discovering the hidden fats and calories in the foods we eat. I showed how a salad, sandwich, or any other common type of food can quickly double in fat and calories when the wrong ingredients are included in them. However, there are some things that some of us cannot live without. By this I am speaking of our daily glass of wine, the beer after work, or the fancy mixed-drink with dinner. It seems that the allure of a cool cocktail (or two) awaits us at every avenue of our lives. To the tea-toataler the problem is nonexistent. But the rest of us, drinking can fast become a diet-breaking addition to the bulge.

The problem with the alcoholic beverages is threefold:

First, alcohol packs on and nearly doubles the calorie content of any type of juice, soda, or mixer.

The average one ounce shot of hard liquor contains about 70-75 calories with some darker liquors like bourbon and brandy a little higher. Add one shot of liquor to a few ounces of tonic or cola and the calorie count is in the hundreds. And those exotic pina coladas or margaritas can run even higher than that. By any measure, one drink wont ruin any diet, yet one drink is rarely a common occurrence….

Second, a drink usually leads to two.

The taste of one drink is cool and satisfying. The second is even better, and so it goes. Rarely in any social setting where alcohol is being consumed, does on e stick to a single cocktail. Alcohol lessens our inhibitions, which sometimes leads to more alcohol and thusly, more calories. And after yet even one more drink almost always ends in the worst case scenario….

Third, alcohol almost always leads to eating and overeating

Alcohol, and its effects usually set the stage for binge eating. At only two drinks, your body seeks a heavier and more satisfying type of fare, and you guessed it, yet even more calories. The caloric cycle of almost anyone under the influence of a few drinks can prove to be a hidden diet disaster. The binge eating will almost undoubtedly ensue.

The Fat Mentality in regards to drinking can lead us in many wrong directions. Common misperceptions of alcohol lead to over-use and unknown consumption of hundreds (if not thousands) of calories in a single evening. The number one mistake made by people who are drinking and trying to lose weight is to perceive alcoholic beverages as a liquid ,and thus no harm to ones diet. I cant stress the fact enough….that alcohol leads to fat. The “beer gut” is no wives tale, it truly does exist. Anyone adhering to a perfect diet, yet drinks frequently, is guaranteed to get fat.

The best remedy for anyone who enjoys alcohol, is to educate yourself on the caloric content of what you are consuming: Most wines contain about 90-100 calories per glass. Most full bodied beers contain between 140 to 200 calories per 12 ounce glass, with the light beers at a more reasonable 100-110 calories per glass. And again, most clear liquors contain about 70 calories per ounce, so pair these with diet soda or club soda for the “best choice” of alcoholic beverages. The other best alternatives would be wines or light beer. Steer clear of the detrimental mixed drinks and full-bodied beers.

Another important thing to be mindful of with regards to drinking is to pay attention to how often you do it. The casual daily glass of wine or the few beers here and there add up. Set yourself a schedule so as to monitor how often you are consuming alcoholic beverages. Give yourself a night or two a week to have drinks if you so choose, so as not to over-indulge in these diet-busting pleasures.

Lastly, and sometimes most importantly, be prepared for what you are going to eat after you have had a few cocktails. Yet do the preparations beforehand. Have a healthy and light snack ready to consume after a night of cocktails. This way you will be steered clear of the more tempting of post-drinking options. In sum, a night of drinking loads your body with a good amount of un-needed calories. Do your best to dodge the heavier cocktails at the bar and the heavier fares afterward.

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Make Your Penis Larger – 3 Monster Tips You Must Read In Order To Significantly Increase Your Size!

Are you packing an average (6 inches) or small (4-5 inches) penis size? Well, you don’t have to deal with having either a small or average sized penis again! There are many options available out here that say that they will help you make your penis larger naturally. However, not all options will bring about natural or effective results. The best option that worked very well for me as well as millions of other men is natural penile exercises using just your hands. Read on to learn more:

1.) Speed Up Blood Circulation

One of the most critical components of natural penis enlargement is speeding up blood circulation to the chambers of your manhood. Penis exercises will in fact increase blood flow, but there are also a few foods that I recommend you eat plenty of as well (fruits, green leafy veggies, and foods high in niacin), and I also recommend that you do high intensity cardiovascular exercises (such as sprinting) at least 3 times a week. All of this will help significantly improve blood circulation and making it incredibly easier and effective to grow a MONSTER sized penis in just weeks.

2.) The Keys To Success With Natural Hand Exercises

Exercising your penis is hands down the best way to get bigger. However, there are a few keys to success that you must know in order for these exercises to bring about substantial results:

A.) Ensure that your penis is semi-erected before beginning these routines.

B.) I recommend that you use lubrication while doing exercises (to prevent soreness).

C.) Warm up your penis by placing a warm wash cloth on your penis for a few minutes before you start exercising.

D.) Avoid exercising for longer than 10 minutes.

E.) Stay 100% consistent with the penis exercise program you choose.

3.) The Importance Of Selecting The Right Program

There are a plethora of specific exercise routines that are sure to maximize the size of your penis. Therefore, I strongly recommend that you choose a reputable and highly effective penis exercise program that contains different levels (beginner to advanced) of exercises for you to perform.

Bottom line, you can surely make your penis larger naturally by opting to do natural penis exercises. All it will take from you is consistency, less than 10 minutes out of your day, your two hands, and a reputable penis exercise program, and you can ultimately grow 1-4 inches longer (I added 2 inches to my size), become more thicker, develop harder erections, and significantly improve your sex life (cure premature ejaculation, stamina, and enhance orgasms) in 8 weeks time… permanently.

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Top 7 Tips To Grow Your Hair Faster

Practically, there’s not one supernatural method to make your hair long and silky. Therefore rather than merely lusting over celebrities’ superb ‘ long hair, you can follow these tips to make your hair grow quicker than before.

Here are the top 7 tips that will help you to grow your hair faster and achieve full volume. Have a look.

  • Dry Scalp Massage

Offer your scalp at-home massages, says stylist experts. Your head will facilitate in stimulating the blood flow to your scalp, which helps nutrients get to your follicles a lot quicker. Ask a friend or family member to give you a scalp massage on a daily basis.

  • Wet Hair Massage

While cleaning your hair with water, make sure that you massage the scalp using the tips of your fingers, beginning at the rear of the neck and coming forward to the hairline. An ideal excuse to remain longer in the shower, isn’t it?

  • Get Hair Cut

Yes, I know that you’re making an attempt to avoid cutting down any length. However, healthy hair grows a lot quicker and split ends will work their up stands, making hair damaged and even shorter.

  • Nutriments And Vitamins

Specialist dermatologists suggest consuming nutrients and vitamins daily that contains antioxidants and vitamin B derivatives to assist in enhancing hair strength. Supplements rich in vitamins, available at pharmacies, help with healthy hair and nail growth, whereas some experts suggest taking prescribed medication to hurry things up.

  • Condition Your Hair

No doubt, shampoo gets rid all the dirt and dust out of your hair and scalp, whereas conditioner replenishes nutrients which your hair requires to stay glossy and healthy. If you actually got to do something different, then remove the shampoo from your cleaning regimen once in a while.

  • Stay Away From Heating Tools

If you’re still unaware, then it’s time that you should recognize that the burnt hair smell which comes from your hair straightener cannot be a good sign for what it’s really doing with your tresses. Make a habit of minimal usage of your dryer, curling iron, and flat iron. Also, you can use various nourishment products after using such heating tools.

  • Rinse With Cold Water

Before you come out after taking a shower, soak your hair in cold water for a few minutes. This can facilitate by sealing your hair cuticles, and stop loss of moisture and damage caused by heat. Or else, you must also avoid too hot water while cleaning, because it will weaken your hair strands.

Final Thoughts: These were 7 amazing tips that can help in growing your hair quickly. However, if you are dealing with the problem of hair loss, then the hair transplant performed by the best hair transplant surgeon is the permanent solution for your problem.

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Ways To Remain Dedicated To Your Yoga Practice

When we make resolutions or set our goals, we do so with the best intentions. After setting our goals, the next task for us is to keep them. Most times, we find it very difficult to stand up from our bed and start practicing. When you consider waking up to the cold outside and the comfort your bed, you might get tempted to skip practice sometimes. However, when you discover that the newness of your resolve has worn off and you started skipping practice often, how do you remain motivated and dedicated to your course?

The good thing everyone should understand is that it takes a very long time to form a new habit and skipping practice for a day does not mean that you have failed. What it means is that it is time for you to renew your commitment and get back on your mat quickly.

Let us take a look at some tips that will help you stay dedicated to your yoga practice.

1. Self-reflection

The first thing you need to do is to ask yourself what really keeps you coming back to your yoga mat. You can also write down the things that motivates you and post them in a place where you do your practice. Ensure that you put it in a place where you can see them daily. On a constant basis, re-evaluate your list. Maintain those practices that keep you motivated and let go of those that no longer serve you.

2. Daily readings

Doing short reading at the start of practice can help you set the tone for your practice and prepare you for either yoga asana or meditation. In addition, it can also help you to set the tone for your day or help you in the evening to wind down. Reading will give you some reminder of your goal as well as connect you to the wider yoga community.

3. Inspirational messages

It is very important to know that listening to inspirational messages throughout the day, which could be short, can help to keep you focused on your goal, and give you an added boost, especially when you may face the temptation of skipping practice.

4. Sign up for some challenge

You can sign up for a yoga challenge. It could be two weeks or one month long.

5. Try social media

Social media can also be a great place to find support as well as inspiration. There are many yogis out there, who are looking for consistently talking about their journey and looking for means to connect with other people like them, in order to share ideas.

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Top Five Areas to Massage For Stress Relief

Who couldn’t use a little stress relief now and then? Some believe stress is a major contributor to 80% of all illness. Massage has always been a good way to relieve stress but here are the top five parts of your body that will guarantee to take you to the ultimate state of relaxation and stress relief.

1. Your feet. Massage on the feet can be the ultra-relaxation zone for many people. There are hundreds of nerve endings on the feet and an entire massage modality was made just for feet. Reflexology is based on the theory that the body has 10 zones, ending on the bottom of the feet and hands. These zones correspond to different parts and organs in the body. By pressing and massaging these zones on the feet in a particular order, they affect other parts of the body within that zone.

2. Your hands. These two appendages are the hardest working area of our body. Everything in our world requires busy hands. During your next massage ask for the palms of your hands to be opened and stretched. This will be extra tight for those people who work with their hands a lot and are contracted into finger flexion. Over time the muscles that run through the palms of your hands can become shortened from repetitive overuse. It’s always beneficial to stretch these hypertonic muscles. Plus, receiving massage on the palms of the hands is surprisingly relaxing.

3. Your neck. Lots of muscle tissue covers the anterior, lateral, and posterior neck. This area holds tension and stress maybe more than you realize. The lateral or side of the neck is as commonly massaged as the posterior or back of the neck. The area that gets left out, due mostly to uneducated fingers is the anterior or front of the neck. Many massage therapists are taught to stay away from the front of the neck because of the arteries and nerves that run through the area. Find a therapist with an educated touch because the scalenes and sternocleidomastoid are anterior neck muscles that when released can cure headaches, thoracic outlet syndrome, and numbness down the arms or in the fingers. The back and sides of the neck have equally important muscles that shouldn’t be left out. On the posterior neck lie the suboccipital muscles which are the primary trouble makers for tension headaches.

4. Your scalp. The scalp may be the single most overlooked holding area of stress. The three main muscles that cover the scalp are temporalis, frontalis, and occipitalis. Massaging the temporalis and occipitalis can help headaches. The frontalis is the busy muscle of your forehead that when massaged is very sedating to the nervous system. Try massaging your own scalp next time you need a pick-me-up in the middle of your day. Hook your fingertips in with enough pressure to move the skin over the underlying bone.

5. Your face. Did you know there are over 30 pairs of muscles in the face alone? Muscles that make us smile, frown, move our eyebrows, squint our eyes, purse our lips, the list goes on and on. Also on the face are some sinus pressure points and the ever overworked muscle of the jaw, the masseter. This muscle is the strongest muscle of our body relative to its size. The masseter is contracted when people grind their teeth during times of stress. Notice next time you’re late and sitting in traffic if you are clenching your jaw. This masseter muscle is surprisingly tender on many people during a massage. It lies over the hinge of the jaw where we open and close our mouth. TMJ syndrome is commonly treated by massaging this muscle and others. Two sinus pressure points are at the bridge of the nose and just below the midpoint of the cheekbones. Try a press, hold and release combination 10 times next time your sinuses are bothering you. You can also try rhythmic circles at the temples next headache you have.

We all have some degree of stress in our life. This is normal; it’s how you deal with the stress that shows how conscious you are of your bodies’ needs. A professional massage is an ideal way to relieve stress and tension. Plus, now your own hands can massage these 5 areas in between your professional sessions. Happy relaxation!

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History of Skincare Part 12: The Late Middle Ages and Italian Renaissance, 1400-1499

Smile Like the Mona Lisa

While medieval feudalism continued throughout most of Europe, the thirteenth century saw a cultural rebirth take place in Italy. Aptly named the Renaissance, French for “rebirth,” this period saw culture blossom in a way it had not since the time of the Roman Empire. In fact, the Renaissance started as a revitalization of Classical culture, inspired by the unearthing of great Roman monuments that had been buried for centuries. During this period, the citizens of Italian cities such as Florence and Rome, attempted to recreate what they believed to be authentic Classical society. They encouraged philosophy, invention and the arts and this movement gave birth to many multi-talented Renaissance Men such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.

You need look no further than the art of the Renaissance to see the era’s ideals of feminine beauty. Portraits show women in loose, flowing robes. Their skin is pale, their cheeks are shiny and their lips are often a deep red. The ideal Renaissance woman was somewhat voluptuous and although her dress was loose, the material was thin and clingy and revealed far more of her body than was permitted during the Middle Ages. In spite of the more revealing clothing, the face, and especially the forehead, continued to be the focal point of the body. It was also the part of the body that received the most attention in the form of skin care products and cosmetics.

An Effervescent Glow

Many materials used in the make up of this period would be considered toxic today. At the time, however, women believed that they were using natural powders and minerals to lighten their faces and give their skin an effervescent glow. As had been the case for centuries, a pale complexion was still considered a sign of wealth and beauty. While Renaissance women did not have any way to permanently bleach their skin, their skin care regimens included dusting the face with a number of white powders. White lead and chalk were still two of the most common ingredients in face powders, and some women even attempted to lighten their skin with arsenic powder.

Once the perfect pale complexion had been achieved, Italian women would apply a number of other powders to highlight their cheeks, lips and bust line. Silver mercury was often mixed with lead or chalk and brushed onto the apples of the cheeks and across the top of the chest. Vermillion, a red substance that was made from cinnabar, was used to paint the lips. While deep red lips were considered fashionable, it was also acceptable to have natural, or lightly tinted lips. Women continued to tweeze their hair lines and eyebrows in order to give themselves a smooth, expansive forehead. To combat any signs of redness or irritation, they would also rub pumice stones along the hairline. (You can read more about Renaissance cosmetics here:

Cleanliness: An Artistic Concern

Throughout the Renaissance, cleanliness and hygiene began to be increasingly common themes in paintings and literature. A clean body was often used as a metaphor for a clean spirit. Alternately, the latrine became a sign of filth and was often used as a metaphor for moral baseness. It is unsurprising that the citizens of Renaissance Italy were obsessed with hygiene, given that they modeled their society on the Romans, who had been legendary for their bathing rituals. Cleanliness was not only an artistic metaphor, however, but a practical concern. Italy had survived a number of plague outbreaks and staying free from germs was a matter of life and death. Additionally, many people strove to live out the philosophies that were explored in the art of the time. Frequent bathing was a sign of dignity and social distinction. These were subjects of great concern to many Renaissance artists and philosophers. (You can read more about attitudes toward cleanliness here:

Skin care treatments during the Italian Renaissance were, in practice, very similar to what they had been throughout the Middle Ages. Bathing rituals were similar, skin care products were similar and cosmetics were similar. What had changed, however, was the attitude toward these practices. While medieval women had seen cosmetics simply as a way to appear more attractive, the women of the Renaissance strove to achieve a transcendent ideal that combined Classical philosophy and art with physical beauty and human distinction.

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